Indian Textile Accessories and Machinery Manufacturers Association

Journal of Textile Science & Engineering

Nanomaterials in Textiles Have Antibacterial Properties


Author(s): Filipe Vaz*

The antibacterial aspects of nanomaterials in textiles have gained significant attention due to their potential in combating microbial growth and improving hygiene. Nanomaterials, characterized by their unique properties at the nanoscale, have shown promising antimicrobial effects against a wide range of bacteria, including pathogenic strains. The origin of the antibacterial properties in nanomaterials lies in their high surface to volume ratio, which facilitates increased contact with bacteria and enhances their antimicrobial activity. Nanoparticles such as silver, zinc oxide, copper, titanium dioxide, and graphene oxide have been extensively studied for their antibacterial properties. These nanoparticles possess inherent biocidal properties or can be functionalized with antibacterial agents to further enhance their effectiveness. In textile applications, nanomaterials with antibacterial properties can be incorporated into fibers, fabrics, or coatings. One approach involves directly incorporating nanoparticles during the manufacturing process of fibers or yarns, ensuring a uniform distribution throughout the textile material. Another approach is to apply nanoparticle-based coatings onto the textile surface, forming a protective layer that inhibits bacterial adhesion and growth.